The Analyze Blog

Nasal strips and decongestants: how do they provide relief from nasal congestion?

Nasal Congestion

Nasal congestion, often triggered by allergic reactions and common colds, is caused by inflammation of the membranes lining the nasal passage, resulting in nasal blockage. Besides the breathing difficulties associated with this condition, nasal congestion also leads to reduced sense of smell, reduced feelings of well being, and an increased incidence of sleep apnea. Nasal…

Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Hippocampal Volumes in Depressed Youths

Depressed Youth

Major depression disorder is a mental health condition in which unrelenting feelings such as sadness, hopelessness, anger, or frustration persist for prolonged periods of time and interfere with a person’s daily life. Although major depression arises most commonly in early adulthood, anyone can develop major depression disorder, including children and teenagers. While depression has been…

Fat Depots and Metabolic Syndrome Risk in Black African Young Adults

Abdominal_Fat

Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors — increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels — that occur together, increasing risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Several studies have shown that abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) accumulation plays an important role in…

Cerebral Perfusion Pressure in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Intracerebral_Hemorrhage

Intracerebral hemorrhage accounts for approximately only 12% of all strokes, but it is one of the most disabling forms. The high rate of morbidity and mortality associated with intracerebral hemorrhage has prompted investigations for new medical and surgical therapies. This syndrome occurs when a blood vessel within the brain ruptures, allowing blood to leak inside the…

Visceral Adipose Tissue and Functional Dyspepsia

Axial_Abdominal_CT

Several studies have reported that obesity may be associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal diseases. These conditions affect the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, such as the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Recent data from the College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea, suggest that abdominal obesity and functional dyspepsia may also be linked. Functional dyspepsia is…

Total Kidney Volume Measurement in Kidney Disease Progression

Kidney Disease

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited condition caused by a genetic fault that disrupts normal development of the kidneys. The main function of the kidneys is to filter out waste products from the blood and release them from the body as urine, ADPKD compromises this process. The final stage of the disease…

Biomarkers of Tumor Vascularity in Glioblastoma Multiforme

Image By Christaras A (Created from anonymized patient MR) CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons.

Increased vascularity is a pivotal event in tumor progression and has prognostic meaning in numerous cancers. Recently developed agents have been designed to target and inhibit angiogenesis factors, preventing the formation of new blood vessels that supply the tumor and allow cancer cells to survive and multiply. Glioblastoma multiforme is the most aggressive and infiltrative type of…

Deep Brain Stimulation for Gait Disturbance in Parkinson’s Disease

Gait_Difficulties_and_Parkinsons_Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system caused by the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. Gait disturbance and balance impairment are some of the most incapacitating symptoms of this condition. Several clinical studies have shown that electrical stimulation of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg), an area of the brain involved in many…

Extra-Frontal Alterations in Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

Juvenile_Myoclonic_Epilepsy

Several studies using state-of-the-art imaging techniques have revealed that juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, a form of epilepsy that starts in childhood or adolescence, might be associated with microstructural and functional changes in several brain regions. In fact, these abnormalities have been found not only the thalamofrontal network, but also in temporal and parieto-occipital areas. To further understand these…

Lipid Degradation Differs in Active, Lean, and Type 2 Diabetic Males

Perilipin_3_and_Diabetes

Athletes and type 2 diabetic patients represent opposite extremes of the insulin sensitivity spectrum. However, both groups have elevated levels of intramyocellular lipid content. This apparent ambiguity, known as the “athlete’s paradox”, has drawn attention to the mechanisms that rule lipid storage, packaging, and degradation. While most research has been focusing on the protein perilipin…